What is Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is also known as the insulin resistance syndrome and syndrome X. People who have this syndrome are typically overweight, have slowed metabolisms that cause their bodies to store fat and are reluctant to exercise.

One in every five overweight individuals you meet on the street has this syndrome. This syndrome can lead to other serious disorders such as cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, and hardening of the arteries.

Symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome

Fasting

High blood pressure

Central obesity (apple-shaped) with fat deposits around the waist

Decreased HDL cholesterol

Elevated triglycerides

You may experience: elevated uric acid levels, fatty liver, polycystic ovarian syndrome, hemochromatosis (iron overload) and a skin condition that features dark patches known as acanthosis nigricans.

Diagnosis Criteria

The World Health Organization has the following criteria for metabolic syndrome:

Blood pressure greater or equal to 140/90

Dyslipidaemia: which is triglycerides (TG) greater than or equal to 1.695 mmol/L and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) less than or equal to 0.9 mmol/L (male), less than or equal to 1.0 mmol/L (female), a waist: hip ratio greater than 0.90 (male); greater than 0.85 (female), and/or a body mass index greater than 30 kg/m2 and a microalbuminuria: urinary albumin excretion ratio of greater than or equal to 20 mg/min or albumin: creatinine ratio of greater than or equal to 30 mg/g.

Individuals with slow metabolisms are typically those who fast (go without eating food), go on fad diets that have them eating less than 1200 calories a day, snack on sugar loaded foods, sit around all day and do not exercise, or those who have malfunctioning thyroids.

Low Metabolism Risks

If you are overweight and have low metabolism, you may be at risk for Diabetes. Insulin resistance is the words you are more likely to hear. Obesity promotes insulin resistance. When your body is insulin resistant, your blood sugar levels rise, leading to diabetes.

Those who are obese and have slower than normal metabolisms are also at risk for hypertension. This is why it is so important to understand your metabolism and the role it plays in staying healthy.

If you have low metabolism, diets won’t help you to lose weight. People, who diet, especially fad dieting, lower their caloric intake to below 1200 calories a day. This makes your body think that it is starving and it will go into survival mode. It will conserve fat so that it will survive these lean days.

If you continue to eat fewer calories than 1200 per day, the body will break down muscle tissue. This breaking down of muscle tissue releases nitrogen, which then your body will need to wash away using water from cells. This causes you to urinate more, which may result in a few pounds of weight loss.

You may feel unwell though and you will feel dehydrated. This will make you feel tired. This causes you to get even less exercise than before. You will start to feel joint pain and stiffness.

Skipping meals, getting little sleep, not drinking enough water, and making poor dietary choices will all lead to lower metabolism, obesity and disease.